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Profile of India

General Profile
Area : 3.3 Million sq. km

Location: The country is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west, and the Indian Ocean to the south. India occupies a major portion of the Indian subcontinent.

Geographic Coordinates: Lying entirely in the Northern Hemisphere, the country extends between 8° 4' and 37° 6' latitudes north of the Equator, and 68°7' and 97°25' longitudes east of it.
Indian Standard Time: GMT + 05:30
Telephone Country Code: +91
Capital: New Delhi

Border Countries: Afghanistan and Pakistan to the north-west; China, Bhutan and Nepal to the north; Myanmar to the east; and Bangladesh to the east of West Bengal. Sri Lanka is separated from India by a narrow channel of sea, formed by Palk Strait and the Gulf of Mannar.

Coastline : 7517 km encompassing the mainland, Lakshadweep Islands, and the Andaman & Nicobar Islands.

Climate: The climate of India can broadly be classified as a tropical monsoon one. But, in spite of much of the northern part of India lying beyond the tropical zone, the entire country has a tropical climate marked by relatively high temperatures and dry winters. There are four seasons - winter (December-February), (ii) summer (March-June), (iii) south-west monsoon season (June-September), and (iv) post monsoon season (October- November)

Terrain: The mainland comprises of four regions, namely the great mountain zone, plains of the Ganga and the Indus, the desert region, and the southern peninsula.

Natural Resources: Coal, iron ore, manganese ore, mica, bauxite, petroleum, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, magnesite, limestone, arable land, dolomite, barytes, kaolin, gypsum, apatite, phosphorite, steatite, fluorite, etc.

Political Profile
Country Name: Republic of India ; Bharat Ganrajya
Government Type: Democratic Republic with a Parliamentary system of Government.

States & Union Territories : 28 States and 7 Union Territories.

Constitution: The Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950. The Constitution of India is the source of the legal system in the country.

Executive Branch: The President of India is the Head of State, while the Prime Minister is the Head of the Government and runs office with the support of the Council of Ministers which forms the Cabinet.

Legislative Branch:
Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha form both houses of the parliament.
Judicial Branch: The Supreme Court of India is the apex body of the Indian legal system, followed by other High Courts and subordinate courts.

National Days:

26 th January (Republic Day)
15 th August (Independence Day)
2 nd October (Gandhi Jayanti; Mahatma Gandhi's Birthday)

Demographic Profile
Population: 1,220,800,359 (July 2013 est.)
Population Growth Rate: 1.28 per cent (2013 est.)
Religions: Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism
Languages: Hindi, English and at least 16 other official languages
Literacy:Total population: 74.04 per cent (provisional data-2011 census)
Male: 82.14 per cent
Female: 65.46 per cent
Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
Life expectancy: 66.38 years (men), 68.7 years (women) (2013 est.)

Economic Profile

Indian Economy
Asian Development Bank predicts India's gross domestic product (GDP) to grow by 6 per cent for 2013-14.
Moreover, World Bank sees 6.7 per cent GDP growth for India by 2015.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Composition by Sector
Services: 65 per cent
Industry: 18 per cent
Agriculture: 17 per cent
Forex Reserves: US$ 330,213.4 million. for the week ended Feb 6, 2015
Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF): Gross Fixed Capital Formation in India decreased to 4957.25 INR Billion in the second quarter of 2014 from 5356.22 INR Billion in the first quarter of 2014. Gross Fixed Capital Formation in India averaged 3568.76 INR Billion from 2001 until 2014, reaching an all time high of 5356.22 INR Billion in the first quarter of 2014 and a record low of 2021.90 INR Billion in the first quarter of 2002. Gross Fixed Capital Formation in India is reported by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MOSPI).

Value of Exports : Exports during January, 2015 were valued at US $ 23883.60 million (Rs.148617.82 crore) which was 11.19 per cent lower in Dollar terms (10.97 per cent lower in Rupee terms) than the level of US $ 26891.58 million (Rs. 166932.15 crore) during January, 2014. Cumulative value of exports for the period April-January 2014-15 was US $ 265037.38 million (Rs 1613789.24 crore) as against US $ 258721.45 million (Rs 1562119.12 crore) registering a growth of 2.44 per cent in Dollar terms and growth of 3.31 per cent in Rupee terms over the same period last year.

Export Partners: US, Germany, UAE, China, Japan, Thailand, Indonesia and European Union. India is also tapping newer markets in Africa and Latin America
Currency (code): Indian rupee (INR)
Exchange Rates: Indian rupees per US dollar - 1 USD = 62.20 NR (Feb 16, 2014)
Fiscal Year: 1 April - 31 March
Cumulative FDI equity Inflows: 27,401 million (from April, 2014 to November, 2014)
Share of Top Investing Countries FDI Equity Inflows: Mauritius, Singapore, UK, Japan, USA, Netherlands and Cyprus (as on November 2014)

Major Sectors Attracting Highest FDI Equity Inflows: Services Sector, Construction Activities, Telecommunications, , Computer Software & Hardware, Drugs and Pharmaceuticals, Chemicals (as on November 2014)

Transportation in India
Airports: The Airports Authority of India (AAI) manages a total of 125 Airports
International Airports : Ahmedabad, Amritsar, Bengaluru, Chennai, Goa, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, New Delhi, Thiruvananthapuram, Port Blair, Srinagar, Jaipur, Nagpur, Calicut, Tiruchirapalli, Coimbatore.

Railways: The Indian Railways network is spread over some 64,000 km, with 12,000 passenger and 7,000 freight trains each day from 7,083 stations plying 23 million travellers and 2.65 million tonnes of goods daily.

Roadways: India's road network of 4.1 million km is the second largest in the world. With the number of vehicles growing at an average annual pace of 10.16 per cent, Indian roads carry about 65 per cent of freight and 80 per cent of passenger traffic.

Waterways: 14, 500 km
Major Ports of Entry: Chennai, Ennore, Haldia, Jawaharlal Nehru Port Trust (JNPT), Kolkata, Kandla, Kochi, Mormugao, Mumbai, New Mangalore, Paradip, Tuticorin and Vishakhapatnam.

Source: Ministry of External Affairs, Govt of India, Investment and Technology Promotion Division